IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications
12–15 September 2022 // Virtual Conference

Panel 01: 6G for a Sustainable Future – What is Missing Today?

Tuesday 13 September, 14:00-15:30 (UTC +9)


Mobile communications systems have been the key drivers of the digital innovations. Looking ahead to 2030 and beyond, 6G is under definition as the next-generation mobile communications system. In particular, 6G is expected to serve as a distributed neural network that provides communication links to fuse the physical, biological and cyber worlds, truly ushering in an era of Intelligence-of-Everything in which everything will be sensed, connected, and intelligent.

With such a vision, in addition to further boosting high data rate, low latency, and ultra-reliability communication experience, 6G shall also consider e new service scenarios, potential new customers and new ecosystems, as well as the type and number of connecting devices in a cost and energy efficient manner. Green and sustainable development in 6G is thus the core requirement and ultimate goal of network and terminal designs. It is not just a nice-to-have feature; rather, it will be a make-or-break requirement for 6G mobile networks. On the other hand, with the increasing new capabilities embedded, 6G shall continue to address the challenges of the mankind and facilitate the realization of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) defined by the United Nation. In this panel, we aim at providing an interactive platform for industry and academic to timely exchange visions, key technical challenges and research directions at the beginning of 6G definition towards the sustainable development of 6G itself as well as its role serving as a tool to help improve the sustainable development of the whole society.


  1. What are the requirements and new dimensions for the sustainable development of 6G mobile communication system? And how can 6G help improve the sustainable development, e.g. protecting the natural environment and improving society good?
  2. What will the potential new capabilities of 6G (e.g. sensing, AI) work for the sustainable development goals? What are the potential new performance indicators to reflect these sustainable design and how to develop new methodology to evaluate them?
  3. What are the key technologies for green communication network design in 6G? How to carry out end-to-end energy efficient design with the currently layered standardization organizations? Should the energy efficiency at network side and device side be jointly?
  4. What are the key 6G technologies to connect the remaining 3.5 billion people that are not connected today? How to guarantee that 6G can benefit the rural and underdeveloped world instead of creating a larger digital divide?
  5. In the year 2030 and beyond, are human users still the major customers or machines and automated processes without direct human intervention? What will be the difference to enable a sustainable future with when machine type of communications become dominant?


Yan Chen (Huawei, Canada)

List of Panelists

Takehiro Nakamura (NTT Docomo, Japan)

Eric Hardouin (Orange, France)

Guangyi Liu (CMCC, China)

Javan Erfanian (Bell, Canada)

Zhisheng Niu (Tsinghua University, China)


Yan Chen (moderator) is Senior Expert of Wireless Communications, Huawei Technologies Canada. She received her B.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees from Chu Kochen Honored College and Institute of Information and Communication Engineering from Zhejiang University in 2004 and 2009, respectively.
She was a visiting researcher at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology from 2008 to 2009. She joined Huawei Technologies Shanghai in 2009 and from 2010 to 2013, she was the project manager and technical leader of Huawei internal Green Radio project studying energy efficient solutions for wireless networks and also served as technical leader of the Green Transmission Technology (GTT) project at GreenTouchTM Consortium. Since 2013, she is one of the key technical leaders on 5G air interface design and the related 3GPP standardization in Huawei, focusing on multiple access including NOMA transceivers, grant-free massive access, and ultra-reliable and low-latency communications.
Now she is leading the 6G vision study in Huawei. Her research interests include novel 6G use cases and key capabilities such as collaborative robotics, new enabling technologies and architectures such as integrated sensing and communication (ISAC), network for distributed learning and inference, next generation of massive access, as well as system level evaluation methodologies for new usage scenarios. She won the IEEE Communication Society Award for Advances in Communication in 2017.

Takehiro Nakamura (panelist) is SVP And General Manager, NTT DOCOMO. He joined NTT Laboratories in 1990. He is now SVP and General Manager of the 6G Laboratories in NTT DOCOMO, Inc. Mr. Nakamura has been engaged in R&D and the standardization activities for the W-CDMA, HSPA, LTE/LTE-Advanced and 5G at ARIB in Japan. He has been the Acting Chairman of Strategy & Planning Committee of 5G Mobile Communications Promotion Forum(5GMF) in Japan since October 2014. Mr. Nakamura has also been contributing to standardization activities in 3GPP since 1999, including as a contributor to 3GPP TSG-RAN as chairman from April 2009 to March 2013. He is also very active in standardization of C-V2X/Connected Car in ARIB and ITS Info-communications Forum in Japan.
He is now a leader of Cellular System Task Group of ITS Info-communications Forum.

Eric Hardouin (panelist) is the director of the “Ambient Connectivity” research domain of Orange Labs, which investigates future access and transport networks and technologies, as well as related business models.
Eric received his Ph.D. degree in signal processing and telecommunications from Telecom Bretagne and the University of Rennes 1, France, in 2004.
Since 2004, he has been with Orange Labs, where he has conducted or supervised research on interference mitigation for mobile networks. Between 2008 and 2013 he represented Orange in the physical layer standardization group of 3GPP (RAN WG1) for HSPA, LTE and LTE-Advanced.
From 2012 to 2015, Eric led the research on wireless networks in Orange Labs. Eric had a leading role in the NGMN 5G White Paper, as co-lead of the work on 5G requirements.

Guangyi Liu, received his PhD. from Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications in 2006. He joined China Mobile since 2006, now he is the leading specialist and 6G director of China Mobile Group. Before he joined China Mobile, he has worked for Shanghai Bell and Siemens (Now Nokia) for 3 years. He has led the standardization and industrialization of 4G and 5G in China mobile from 2007 to 2019. Now he is leading the research of 6G. He is also acting as the vice chair of THz and mm-wave industry alliance, and has acted as the chair of spectrum working group and coordinator of 5G eMBB program in Global TD-LTE Initiative (GTI). He has been granted more than 150 patents, and authored and coauthored more
than 8 books and published more than 150 papers in IEEE journal and conference.

Javan Erfanian (panelist) In his role as Distinguished Member of Technical Staff, at Bell Canada, Javan Erfanian primes wireless technology strategic direction. He has worked with global industry and research community towards vision and formulation of new technologies and service enablers, including NGMN, ETSI, ATIS, IEEE, among others. In particular, Javan was co-lead and chief editor of NGMN 5G initiative, published in early 2015. Recently, he was editor of NGMN’s 6G Drivers and Vision, and co-editor of NGMN’s Green Future Networks, both published in 2021. In his IEEE role, Javan has been an IEEE Communications Society Distinguished Speaker for many years, and a recipient of Millennium medal in 2000. Javan has also taught at the University of Toronto, with IEEE publications and many citations.

Zhisheng Niu (panelist) graduated from Beijing Jiaotong University, China, in 1985, and got his M.E. and D.E. degrees from Toyohashi University of Technology, Japan, in 1989 and 1992, respectively. During 1992-94, he worked for Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd., Japan, and in 1994 joined with Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, where he is now a professor at the Department of Electronic Engineering. His major research interests include queueing theory and traffic engineering, wireless communications and mobile Internet, vehicular communications and smart networking, and green communication and networks. Dr. Niu has been serving IEEE Communications Society since 2000, first as Chair of Beijing Chapter (2000- 2008) and then as Director of Asia-Pacific Board (2008-2009), Director for Conference Publications (2010-2011), Chair of Emerging Technologies Committee (2014-2015), and Director for Online Contents (2018-2019). He has also served as editor of IEEE Wireless Communication (2009-2013) and associate Editor-in-Chief of IEEE/CIC joint publication China Communications (2012-2016), and currently serving as Editor-in-Chief of IEEE Trans. Green Commun. & Networks (2020-2022). He received the Outstanding Young Researcher Award from Natural Science Foundation of China in 2009, Best Paper Awards from IEEE Communication Society Asia-Pacific Board in 2013 and from Journal of Communications and Information Networks (JCIN) in 2019, Distinguished Technical Achievement Recognition Award from IEEE Communications Society Green Communications and Computing Technical Committee in 2018, and Harold Sobol Award for Exemplary Service to Meetings & Conferences from IEEE Communication Society in 2019. He was selected as a distinguished lecturer of IEEE Communication Society (2012-2015) as well as IEEE Vehicular Technologies Society (2014-2018). He is a fellow of both IEEE and IEICE.